Start an Enterprise > Definition and Rules Applicable to the Name of an Enterprise

Definition and Rules Applicable to the Name of an Enterprise

The name of an enterprise is a word or group of words that designates an enterprise and distinguishes it from other enterprises.

An enterprise may be designated and identified in carrying out its activities by names other than the one under which it was constituted, in particular for the purposes of operating the enterprise or the possession of a real property right other than a priority or a hypothec. That being said, the other names must really be used and not be declared in anticipation of possible use.

The name of the enterprise can refer to:

  • a legal person
  • a natural person
  • a partnership
  • an association or other group of persons

An enterprise name contains or can contain the following components:

  • the generic component (a word or group of words) of the name provides a general indication of the enterprise
  • the specific component (a word or group of words) clearly distinguishes one enterprise from another
  • the particle component, often in abbreviated form, often clarifies the legal form of the enterprise

An example of an enterprise name and its components

To be accepted and deposited in the enterprise register by the Registraire des entreprises, the name and other names of the enterprise must comply with certain compliance measures pursuant to the law and certain regulations. The table below indicates the general standards applicable to names:

Compliance measure Applicability
Name Other names
The name must be in French. To obtain additional information, please refer to the Charter of the French language. X X
The name must not contain an expression that the law or the regulations have reserved for others or whose use they prohibit, e.g. centre de la petite enfance. X X
The name must not contain an expression that evokes an immoral, obscene or scandalous idea. X X
The name must not incorrectly indicate the legal form of the enterprise. X X
The name must not falsely imply that the enterprise is a non-profit group or a public authority or that the enterprise is linked to such an organization. X X
The name of a legal person constituted pursuant to the laws of Québec must not be used by another person, corporation or group of persons in Québec. X
Note
  • A natural person who operates an enterprise without resorting to a legal structure may simply decide to register under his surname and given name.
  • A name must not falsely suggest that the enterprise is linked to another person, another corporation or another group of persons in Québec. Moreover, this name must not be likely to be confused with a name used by another person, another corporation or another group of persons. Lastly, it must in no way deceive third parties. In such instances, administrative recourse may be used, administered by the Registraire des entreprises.
  • For the purposes of analyzing the names declared by an enterprise, the Registraire des entreprises reserves the right to question or verify the real use of the name and the other names that the enterprise has declared.
Last Update : 12/08/2014
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