Sanctions

Civil sanctions

An enterprise that is required to register and fails to do so, or that has been cancelled ex officio, may have its right to appear in court suspended.

A Québec legal person that has been cancelled ex officio is deemed to be dissolved.

Penal sanctions

An enterprise that fails to file a declaration of registration is liable to a fine. In the case of a natural person, fines range from $1,000 to $10,000. In all other cases, they range from $2,000 to $20,000.

An enterprise that fails to file any other prescribed declaration or that files a false, incomplete or misleading declaration is also liable to a fine. In the case of a natural person, fines range from $500 to $5,000. In all other cases, they range from $1,000 to $10,000. The fines are doubled for a second or subsequent offense.

Where an offense is committed by a director, an administrator of another person’s property, an officer or an attorney, the minimum and maximum fines are double those for a natural person.

Any person who acts or fails to act with a view to helping a person commit an offence under the Act or who orders, advises, authorizes, encourages or leads a person to commit such an offence is also guilty of the same offence.

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